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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants in Hawassa city, Ethiopia (n = 411)

From: Visual inspection with acetic-acid (VIA) service utilization and associated factors among women in Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Socio demographic variables Frequency Percent
Age (in years)
 30–39 255 62.0
 40–49 156 38.0
Marital status
 Ever married 393 95.6
 Never married 18 4.4
Religion
 Christian 379 92.2
 Muslim 32 7.8
Educational background
 No formal education 164 39.9
 Primary school (1–8) 109 26.5
 Secondary school (9–12) 80 19.5
 College or university 58 14.1
Occupation
 Housewife 142 34.5
 Self-employee 130 31.6
 Private employee 98 23.8
 Civil servant 31 7.6
 Farmer 10 2.5
Ethnicity
 Sidama 119 29.0
 Wolayta 107 26.0
 Amhara 86 20.9
 Guraghe 77 18.7
 Othera 22 5.4
Average monthly household incomeb
  < 1076.9 Eth birr (< 36.7 USD) 109 26.52
 1076.9–1722.9 Eth birr (36.7–58.7 USD) 186 45.26
 1722.9 Eth birr (> 58.7 USD) 116 28.22
  1. aOther ethnicities included Silte, Shekicho, Yem, Kefa, Dawro, Hadiya and Kembata
  2. b1 USD was 29.35 Ethiopian birr
  3. Income under extreme poverty < 1.25USD per day
  4. Under poverty1.25-2USD per day
  5. Above poverty line >2USD per day
  6. ETB Ethiopian birr, USD U. S. dollars